Atharvaveda | First Kand (1st & 2nd Sukt)

Frist Sukt / Hymn

The first Hymn of the first Kanda of the Atharveda is dedicated to Lord Brahma, the god of speech. Its sage is Atharva and Anushtup verses, Brihati have been used in it. There are total 4 shloak in it.

ये त्रिसप्ताः परियन्ति विश्वा रूपाणि विभ्रतः । वाचस्पतिर्बला तेषां तन्वो अद्य दधातु मे ॥ 1 ॥

The first verse of the Atharveda talks about the types of substances and qualities. Prithvi (Earth), Jal (Water), Tej (Fire), Vayu (Air), Akash (Sky), Tanmatra and Ego are 7 substances and 3 qualities are Sattva, Raja and Tama. Multiples of qualities and substances as many deities travel. Here the power of 21 deities has been sought from Lord Brahma, the God of Vani(Speech).

पुनरेहि वाचस्पते देवेन मनसा सह । वसोष्पते नि रमय मय्येवास्तु मयि श्रुतम् ॥ 2 ॥

In this verse, the sages have asked Brahma, the lord of speech, to imbibe the knowledge he has learned and his glory, so that he remains blissful.

इहैवाभि वि तनूभे आर्ली इव ज्यया । वाचस्पतिर्नियच्छतु मय्येवास्तु मयि श्रुतम् ॥ 3 ॥

Here Lord Brahma (the god of speech) is prayed for the attainment of wisdom and bliss. Sage says – As in battle, when a warrior unfurls the string of a bow, both its ends are drawn equally, so O master of speech! Give us the wisdom to imbibe Vedas and the means of happiness to enjoy happiness. Let this donation given by you remain in us.

उपहूतो वाचस्पतिरुपास्मान् वाचस्पतिर्द्धयताम् । सं श्रुतेन गमेमहि मा श्रुतेन विराधिषि ॥ 4 ॥

The sage invokes the master of speech through this verse. They say – May the God of Vachaspati invite us. We should never turn away from the study of the Vedas. May our heart be full of Vedagyan.

Second Sukt / Hymn

The second hymn of the first Kanda of the Atharva Veda is dedicated to Lord Parjanya. Its sage is Atharva and its verse is Anushtup Gayatri. There are also a total of 4 shloak or mantras in this.

विद्मा शरस्य पितरं पर्जन्यं भूरिधायसम् । विमो ध्वस्य मातरं पृथिवीं भूरिवर्षसम् ॥ 1 ॥

The sage here prays to the Parjanya deity and says – Parjanya, the sustainer and nurturer of all matter and consciousness, is the father of this arrow and the earth full of all elements is its mother. It is only from these that the Shar ‘son’ is born.

ज्याके परिणो नमाश्मानं तन्वं कृधि । बीडुर्वयोऽरातीरप द्वेषांस्या कृधि ॥ 2 ॥

Here the sage prays to the deities to destroy Satru and gain strength for himself – O God! Destroy the power of the enemies by removing the malicious deeds from us. Instead of bowing towards us, this bow bowed towards the enemies. You make our body strong and strong like a stone.

वृक्षं यद् गावः परिषस्वजाना अनुस्तं शरमर्चन्भुम् । शरुमस्मद् यावय दिद्युमिन्द्र ॥ 3 ॥

Through this verse, the sages pray to avoid the attack of the enemy. They say – Just as cows suffering from heat quickly take shelter in the thick shade of a banyan tree, so remove from us the arrows shot by the heroes of the enemy.

यया द्यां च पृथिवीं चान्तस्तिष्ठति तेजनम् । एवा रोगं चात्रावं चान्तस्तिष्ठतु मुंज इत् ॥ 4 ॥

Through this verse, the sage compares medicine with light and prays to God to get medicine. They say – As there is light between the earth and heaven, so should medicine (the God of purification) be situated between disease, bleeding or wounds in the body.

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